Republic of Zambia
PART 1, GENERAL INFORMATION
Capital city: Lusaka
Population: 14 million
Currency: Zambian Kwacha
Km travelled: 1800
Days in: 58
A landlocked country situated on a high plateau in south-central Africa and takes its name from the Zambezi River, which drains all but a small northern part of the country. Large parts of the country are thinly populated. Much of population is concentrated in the country’s most developed area, along the railway line running from the Copperbelt to Lusaka. Zambia’s economy is heavily dependent on mining, in particular copper mining.
Corn is a staple food crop and accounts for the largest proportion of planted area on Zambian farms. Zambia’s poor road infrastructure makes it difficult for rural farmers to help supply the needs of the urban population. Zambia’s chief export is still copper, although trade in non-traditional exports—such as copper wire, cables, gemstones, and fresh vegetables and flowers—has grown. Cotton and tobacco are also exported. Sizable imports include chemicals and chemical products.
Zambia is blessed with awe-inspiring natural wonders, an abundance of wildlife, huge water bodies and vast open spaces, seventeen magnificent waterfalls as well as the spectacular Victoria Falls. There are opportunities for numerous 4×4 adventures into the remote undeveloped rural areas where a taste of village life can be experienced while bush camping. Nearly 30% of Zambia is set aside as National Park.
KAFUE NATIONAL PARK
In the centre of western Zambia, Kafue National Park is the oldest and largest of Zambia’s national parks. It covers a massive 22,400 km2. It remains little-known and largely unexplored with vast tracts of its virgin bush still untouched. Thanks to its size and variety of habitat types the Kafue holds a fantastic diversity of wildlife. The park is regarded by those who know it as one of the best places in Africa to find leopard. In certain areas and at certain times of year these secretive and elusive predators are frequently seen, especially on night-drives (allowed in the Kafue) and even from afternoon boat cruises along the Kafue river in the hotter months when leopard come down to drink. The cheetah can only be found in Kafue. In the Kafue cheetah are not solely restricted to the plains, in fact they do very well in mixed woodland and riverine areas, where they can be found preying on puku and impala, amongst others.
LOWER ZAMBEZI NATIONAL PARK
Still relatively undeveloped, its beauty lies in its wilderness state. The diversity of animals is not as wide as the other big parks, but the opportunities to get close to game wandering in and out of the Zambezi channels are spectacular. The Park lies opposite the famous Mana Pools Reserve in Zimbabwe, so the whole area on both sides of the Zambezi River is a massive wildlife sanctuary. Even though the Lower Zambezi National Park covers an area of 4092 square kilometres, most of the game is concentrated along the valley floor. There is an escarpment along the northern end which acts as a physical barrier to most of the Park’s animal species. Enormous herds of elephant, some up to 100 strong, are often seen at the river’s edge. ‘Island hopping’ buffalo and waterbuck are common. The Park also hosts good populations of lion and leopard.
NORTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
The beauty of visiting this Park is the truly remarkable opportunities to experience Africa as it was. It is wild and untouched, and you are simply an unobtrusive witness to its natural beauty and drama. Although declared a wilderness area, the North Park was not open to anyone other than Game Department rangers for more than thirty years. Mark and Delia Owens, famous for their book ‘Cry of the Kalahari’, were granted permission to set up a research station in the Park in 1989. There are very few roads and you are unlikely to see anyone else for the duration of your trip. At the time of our visit the North side of the park was closed for self-driving.
SOUTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
For some experts this is one of the greatest wildlife sanctuaries in the world. The concentration of animals around the Luangwa River, and its oxbow lagoons, is among the most intense in Africa. The Luangwa River is the most intact major river system in Africa and is the lifeblood of this 9059 km2 Park. The changing seasons add to the Park’s richness, ranging from: dry, bare bushveld in the winter, to a lush, green wonderland in the summer months. There are 60 different animal species in South Luangwa National Park. The only notable exception is the rhino, sadly poached to extinction. The hippo is one animal you won’t miss. As you cross over the bridge into the park there are at least 50 hippos in the river below. While camping on the river having a BBQ, we had a visit of 4 lions just 15 meters away from where we were sitting near the fire.
WEST LUNGA NATIONAL PARK
One of Zambia’s less visited Parks. Numerous rapids, stunning waterfalls, limestone caves, underground rivers, hot springs, the Kabompo Gorge, a sunken lake, and the source of the famous Zambezi River make this hidden corner of Zambia worth exploring.
This remote park in the far west is pristine wilderness, which, to the ardent bush-lover is its biggest attraction, and the rewards are great indeed.
The game is spread out across the plains and takes some driving around to find, but to come upon a vast herd of blue wildebeest, a prowling wild dog, or a pride of dozing lions in this forgotten piece of Africa is especially fitting because of its completely natural and uncommercialized state. During our first visit we were told the road would be tarred. This means there is access from Mongu to Kalabo all year around. To get into the park there is one water crossing, this has a pont which 4×4 vehicles can go on and from this point on there is no longer any tar but sandy roads. 4×4 vehicles will be needed to access the park and tyre pressures should be put down to accommodate the sandy conditions.
Named after the famous Victorian missionary explorer, Dr David Livingstone, who explored this area extensively, Livingstone Town was established in 1905. A major event in 2011 was the installation of the town’s first set of traffic lights! The proximity to the Zambezi River and the spectacular Victoria Falls has led Livingstone to become a base for travellers from all over the world wanting to explore this Wonder of the World.
It has become something of a boom town of late. New buildings are going up everywhere and many chain stores and shopping malls are springing up all over the sprawling suburbs. The road development isn’t quite keeping up so peak hour traffic is finally becoming like other cities. Well over 60% of its 2 million inhabitants are unemployed, but there are surprisingly few beggars. Although petty theft occurs, most people try to make an honest living selling their wares or services, always with a friendly smile. A myriad of motor spares dealers, restaurants, hairdressers, fishmongers, fruit sellers and rows and rows of “salaula” – stalls of discarded clothing from the West are sold to Africa by the bale.
the most picturesque of the Copperbelt towns with a profusion of trees and flowers. The higher rainfall that this part of the country gets is very evident in the greenery throughout the suburbs. Chingola is home to the biggest open-cast mine in Africa. A must if you’re this far north is a visit to Chimfunshi Chimpanzee Orphanage.
CHIMFUNSHI CHIMPANZEE ORPHANAGE.
It is one of the largest chimpanzee reserves in the world and is internationally recognized as such. Chimfunshi is home to 120 chimpanzees, most of them living in 4 large forested enclosures, and as close to their natural environment as possible. Although many of the chimpanzees were confiscated from poachers who attempted to smuggle the infants into Zambia from surrounding countries for sale as pets, a number were rescued from dilapidated zoos and circuses from all over Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. The sanctuary offers the unique opportunity to observe the complex social behaviour of chimpanzees in their almost natural habitat and in large social groups. Primate researchers from around the world come to Chimfunshi to investigate the chimpanzees’ social behaviour, communication and cognition. The Orphanage is located on the main Chingola-Solwezi Road, 65kms from Chingola. After around 50km of rough dirt turn right and follow the track for around 15km. Co-ordinates of the sanctuary are: S12° 21.924‘ E027° 28.912‘ Enjoy a few nights of bush camping.
Known as the ‘Riviera of Zambia’ as the town is spread out along the north bank of Lake Kariba and is host to holidaymakers, both local and international, all year round. The ‘riviera’ image is enhanced by an affluent Zambian community. The spectacular Dam Wall is nearby, which is also the Kariba border crossing into Zimbabwe.
It is the largest man-made reservoir in the world. This engineering feat was completed in 1959 when the Zambezi River was dammed in a joint electricity-generation project between Zimbabwe and Zambia. Between the two Power stations on the north and the south banks of the Zambezi River, 1300 megawatts of power can be generated, making it an important resource in the region. Lake Kariba is a vast water body (282 kilometres long, up to 100 metres deep, covering 5500km2 holding more than 180 billion tonnes of water) but it is not a lake, it is a dam.
Although Zambia lies within the tropics, its climate is modified by the altitude of the country and is generally very comfortable.
Summer: 17 at night to 30 degrees during the day
Winter: 9 degrees at night to 22 during the day
Rainfall: Nov to March
Summer: 18 degrees at night to 40 during the day
Winter: 12 degrees at night to 30 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Nov to March
Summer: 18 degrees at night to 40 degrees during the day
Winter: 10 degrees at night to 28 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Nov to March
Summer: 19 degrees at night to 30 degrees during the day
Winter: 6 degrees at night to 27 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Dec to February
Summer: 20 degrees at night to 35 degrees during the day
Winter: 15 degrees at night to 28 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Nov to march
Summer: 18 degrees at night to 35 degrees during the day
Winter: 12 degrees at night to 28 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Nov till March
PART 2, BLOG, PICTURES & GALLERY 2016
BORDER TO LUSAKA
Leaving Zimbabwe and entering Zambia at Kariba was a very relaxed affair and all up took less than 2 hours. Zambia is Africa’s unknown travel destination and is blessed with natural tourism attractions. Most tourists only visit Victoria Falls and fly back to either Botswana, Namibia or South Africa. But it has many more attractions based on wild life, scenery and wilderness experiences. Its population is friendly, and the country is safe. Zambia has some of the biggest Game Reserves in the world and we are going to visit a few. Like in Botswana here we bush camp without any fences allowing animals to roam around our truck. Our first stop in Zambia (former Northern Rhodesia) was Lower Zambezi National park. This park has a 120km Zambezi river frontage with lots of bush camping possibilities. We are told the area has around 2200 elephants alone. The 4WD track in was rough and muddy after recent rains. We travelled through small communities, passed people on bikes, woman carrying wares on their head and we crossed some rivers. THIS IS AFRICA, a land of happiness, heat, humidity and freedom. Waking up in the morning watching the sun rise or at night watching the sunset, watching elephants walking past your campsite really makes the Lower Zambezi something magical. Lower Zambezi is still relatively undeveloped, its beauty lying in its wilderness state. The diversity of animals is not as wide as the other big parks, but the opportunities to get close to game wandering in and out of the Zambezi channels are spectacular. The Park lies opposite the famous Mana Pools Reserve in Zimbabwe, so the whole area on both sides of the Zambezi River is a massive wildlife sanctuary. Most of the game is concentrated along the valley floor. Enormous herds of elephant, up to 100 were seen the day before we arrived at the river’s edge. The Park has a good population of lion and leopard, but despite hearing them we never saw any. During our stay we met a 3-week-old Hippo abandoned by its mother after it got attacked by a crocodile. Lucky the local villagers took care of the baby hippo. For us it was time to head to Lusaka and meet our new South African friends living in Lusaka for a Braai and watch a game of Polo Cross. We also required an urgent top up on food and beverages, and a proper HOT shower. It was only a few hours drive to Lusaka and this town seems to be booming. (Our last visit was in 2010). New buildings are going up everywhere and many chain stores and shopping malls are springing up all over the sprawling suburbs. The road development isn’t quite keeping up, so traffic is still slow going through town. Well over 60% of its 2 million inhabitants are unemployed, but there are surprisingly few beggars. Although petty theft occurs, most people try to make an honest living selling their wares or services, always with a friendly smile. The markets are a hive of activity as the thousands of stalls are set up, upgraded and cleared away every day. The markets are a myriad of motor spares dealers, restaurants, hairdressers, fishmongers, fruit sellers and rows and rows of stalls selling discarded clothing from charities in Europe, USA and Australia given as aid to Africa by the bale. Lusaka was a convenient stop to do shopping, catching up with our new friends we met while in Mozambique and a bit of R &R and visiting Polo Cross. We wondered why we had to pay carbon Tax in a country where everyone uses charcoal or wood every day.
LUSAKA TO KAFUE NATIONAL PARK
Cities are not really our cup of tea, hence after stocking up on food and saying goodbye to our friends we were off to the untamed west of Zambia and Kafue National Park followed by the Chimfunshi Gorilla and Chimpanzee orphanage at the border with The Congo. We also wondered why we had to pay Road Tax as since our last visit in 2011 no roads have been improved, in fact some parts got worse. The city of Lusaka is located at 1300 meters and with winter approaching the nights are getting cool. Kafue National Park is the oldest and largest of Zambia’s national parks. It covers a massive 22,400 km2. Most of the park is inaccessible during the wetter months of November through to April. So, for us it also was impossible to explore the whole park. Nevertheless, still a lot of driving (and a boat trip on the Kafue River) and exploring. We were very lucky to meet a person with property in Kafue (on the edge) and who allowed us to bush camp on his property. Perfect spot on the river. But at night no outside dining as the area has lots of Lions, Cheetah, Leopards and an aggressive elephant. (Tragedy stuck 2 days before our arrival when an Elephant attacked a local fisherman and killed him). Between our bush camp and the local village were 5 lions hiding during the day in the long grass but hunting at night. The Kafue is not just about wildlife, it is also about remote African Bush. This is not to say the Kafue does not have healthy populations of many of the more charismatic species of animals, because it does, but if you are looking for the ‘Big 5 in 24 hours like in Kruger National Park together with 10 game drive vehicles and many private cars in a traffic jam then you will miss the point of this special place. The locals will tell you it is one of the best places in Africa to find leopard and cheetah. We enjoyed an afternoon on the Kafue River with lots of Hippos and Crocodiles. (Some of the largest crocodiles in southern Africa)
Kafue is dissected by the main M9 or Mongu Road, a good tar road which runs all the way from Lusaka. Once in the park the tracks are challenging after rain and the black-cotton soil is notorious and plentiful.
KAFUE NATIONAL PARK to NORTH WEST ZAMBIA
On our way to Solwezi and Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage we passed Liuwa Plains. This remote park in the far west is a pristine wilderness. The game is spread out across the plains and takes some driving around to find, but to come upon a vast herd of blue wildebeest, a prowling wild dog, or a pride of dozing lions in this forgotten piece of Africa is especially fitting because of its completely natural and un-commercialised state. Be warned the roads are horrendous all the way to Chingola coming from the west. Take note: the large copper trucks speed and do not slow down or move to give you a bit of space. Between Solwezi and Chingola is the Chimfunsi Wildlife Orphanage. 120 Chimpanzee and 300 people, live work and learn a trade at Chimfunshi, and at present a small hospital is being build. The Zambian government does not supply a funding, so this Orphanage is funded solely by donations and the very few people visiting the Orphanage. (It is remote and a long way from the tourist route)
Many of the chimpanzees were confiscated from poachers who attempted to smuggle them into Zambia for sale as pets or bush meat. But some also came from dilapidated and war-torn zoos and circuses around the world. The chimpanzees live in 4500-acre forested enclosures and get fed twice daily and checked for any illness. For us the walk and play with the chimps was an unforgettable experience and now has given us the pleasure of walking with Gorillas (Rwanda) Orangutan (Borneo) and Chimpanzees (Zambia).
NORTH WEST ZAMBIA to SOUTH/NORTH LUANGWA NATIONAL PARK
South Luangwa and North Luangwa National park. We missed this park in 2010 and were told it is one of the greatest wildlife sanctuaries in the world. The concentration of animals around the Luangwa River, and its oxbow lagoons, is among the most intense in Africa. The Luangwa River is the life-blood of this 9059 km2 Park. Over 60 different animal species are in the park. The only notable exception is the rhino and cheetah, sadly poached to extinction. We did see animals, but it is not the most intense wildlife we have seen in Africa. We also had our first disappointment: the rangers would not allow our truck inside the park.
We were told only mid and large size 4WD vehicles were allowed in, no trucks and no 2WD. This was pushed by the game drive operators who don’t want too many cars in the park and like to fill their game spotting vehicles. Just a shame that the brochures do not mention these restrictions, so be forewarned. Luckily 2 South African campers at our campsite allowed us to join them. 2 days of game drives resulted in meeting just 6 other private cars. It was made clear a lot of money is made by Fly in Fly out guest from Europe/USA paying between 250USD and 600USD per night. We stayed just outside of the park at Wild Life Camp a magic location right on the river. At night the camp gets frequented by elephants, hippos, lions and the occasional pack of wild dogs and hyena’s. (No fences here) Like in most other parks in Africa the International tourist pays double or even triple for the privilege of visiting the major tourist spots/parks. (Isn’t this racism?) Our 4-week Zambia tour has come to an end. Zambia where nearly 30% of the land is National Park, an unknown destination to most, a country visited mostly by day visitors (Victoria Falls) and overlanders en route to either Botswana/Namibia or Malawi and Tanzania following the coca cola trial. For us it was our 3rd visit to Zambia and we enjoyed it. No, it is no comparison to the wild life in South Africa-Botswana and Namibia but we enjoyed the bush camping where animals, both predators and prey wander through unfenced campsites, the sounds of the jungle, swapping stories around the campfire, and the friendly people of Zambia.
The mighty Zambezi River, the Kafue and Luangwa rivers all make this a special destination. On the negative once of the main road the roads are in poor condition and even some highways are so bad that instead of driving on the left-hand side of the road we drove left of the road. On our last day Clary got diagnosed with Malaria and as soon as we arrive in Malawi we will get a second opinion.
Cost of visiting Zambia is high
Visa 30 days 50.00 USD PP only accept USD not able to pay in local currency!!!
Carbon Tax 20USD (funny in a country which we enter with a clean engine while the whole country burns wood and charcoal 24/7 and truck are all Euro ZERO we pay carbon tax????
Road Tax we paid for our truck 125USD (again only accept USD)
International visitors pay up to 5 times as much for entrée fees than the locals do
Carnet de Passage is accepted but also Temporary Import Permit for a vehicle and this is free.
PART 3, BLOG, PICTURES & GALLERY 2010
WELCOME TO ZAMBIA
We left at 9am for the short drive to the Zambia/Botswana border. Botswana was a breeze and in 15 minutes we were out of Botswana. Up to the river where we had to cross the mighty Zambezi. The ferry did look like the ones you see on the news after they have gone down. Anyway, after paying some extra money, we finished up in front of the queue; to the disgust of the people not paying a little extra. Right or wrong, it still took us 2 hours to get on the Ferry. And then there were the Zambians who would like to help. While we were in the queue, our fixer got arrested! The policeman told me he was a criminal. That did not bother 200 others who tried to get our services. Once we arrived at the other end they were already waiting for us. And as it was so hectic and so many cars, people and sales people selling anything from monkeys to money on the black money market, we decided to stick with our fixer. He guided us through the maze of offices, Immigration, Visa (USD$160 for double entry), Customs, Carbon Tax (USD$20), Road Tax, (USD$42) and compulsory 3rd party insurance (USD$75). Our full cover Loyd’s insurance was not good enough! We spent a week’s budget before we entered Zambia. The insurance was initially USD$150 for our truck but then I realised that the 4 guys and the insurance company worked together. I had to make myself the angry Dutchman and I told them I was aware what they where up to. To cut a long story short I only paid USD$75 for the same insurance. The exchange rate for Kwacha is around 5000 for USD$1. Our fixer wanted to sell us the currency for 4500. It is illegal to change money on the black market in Zambia, however the bank is no longer open because it could not compete with the black market and the nearest ATM is 80km away in Livingstone. Some of the fees have to be paid in Kwacha (local Currency), so we asked the police who in turn recommended a good money dealer! Naturally it was “a friend of his” but at least we got 5000 Kwacha for USD$1. It was absolute mayhem at the border and after 2.5 hours trying to work out where to go to next, we had all the paperwork that we needed. We paid our fixer USD$10 but as he did very little, we will do it ourselves next time. So before even entering Zambia, we already forked out USD$307. Then a fight broke out between border patrol and locals, trucks started to beep their horns. The customs officer looked inside the truck and liked the lollies, beer and food we had in the fridge. “No mate, that`s ours. To us the whole area seemed to be lawless and despite all the police and army personnel around, I am sure they all get a slice of the action. But what an unforgettable experience! Clary said I got pretty angry when I realised we were overcharged for the insurance. Oh and one last thing – we have no policy, but are we insured? Who knows? So not sure what is covered but lucky we still have full cover from Europe. The gateman did not know what to do? He still had our Carnet; in the panic that followed he opened the gate gave me the Carnet and told me to go without checking anything else. As we drove away from the border we checked if we had everything and if nothing was missing. Welcome to Zambia!
BORDER to LUSAKA
5km up the road we came across a police road block; then 10km up the road another police road block and 20km an army road block. It was shaping up for an interesting day. The 2 papers they all wanted to see were the Carnet and the Third Party Insurance. An hour later we arrived in Livingstone and started looking for a camp site. Not much luck at first because our truck was too high for the Waterfront Lodge campsite and the Bushman`s Lodge. Third time lucky we found a spot at the Livingstone Safari Lodge. We had had enough for one day and we set up camp, organized firewood and made ourselves comfortable. We went over to the main attraction in Livingstone. Victoria Falls – Livingstone is a thriving town with a population of 140,000.
The town is full of tourists all concentrated around the main Mosi-oa-Tunya Road. The magnificent Victoria Falls is what we`re here for. Known to locals for centuries as Mosi-oa-Tunya (the smoke that thunders) the falls are only 10km south of Lvingstone and only 4km from our campsite. At almost 2km across and over 105 meters high, they are one of the worlds highest and undoubtedly most awe inspiring waterfalls. When we drove towards Livingstone from the border the spray could be seen from more than 30km away. We are camping on the Zambian side and we are told that this is the side you can get the closest to the falls. Entry fee to the falls is USD$20 per person and USD$5 for the car. Mosi- oa-Tunya National Park, where the falls are located, stretches from the falls for about 12km along the Zambezi River which is home to lots of wildlife. Including zebra, giraffe, elephant, and the only white rhino`s in Zambia. Our photos will tell the story. Unfortunately the wet was so big that the falls are roaring and the spray blocks most of the view. From here we went across the border, but not before we nearly killed a baboon that pulled our windscreen wiper off the car. Lusaka is not one of the most beautiful cities we have been to. First we have to do shopping so we left the campsite only to become stuck in Lusaka`s Saturday Morning traffic. I have no idea why they have traffic lights here as it does not matter ( if it is green or red everyone ignores it.) Overtaking happens right, left over the footpath and the medium strip. It is a matter of those with the most courage win. Lucky we have a truck and a 150DB air horn. First gear lots of noise and whatever you do DON`T stop. The diff noise has now become so bad that the noise starts straight after leaving and does not need any time to get warm anymore. Early afternoon we returned back and had a relaxed afternoon at Eureka camp site. The next couple of days we explored Lusaka, the capital of Zambia. It is home to 2.5million people and has one of the fastest growing populations on the continent. The city is one of contrast with people living on the medium strip, begging for money, flourishing markets, a central business district and top shopping malls with good well stocked supermarkets. Local arts and crafts are found at the Pakati Market at the Arcades Mall every Sunday. (This is a good shopping centre with lots of parking and a well stocked up Spar supermarket).
LUSAKA TO BORDER MALAWI
It was time to leave Lusaka and it took us 1.5 hours to get through the hectic traffic in Lusaka. No rules but just make sure you keep moving. Whatever you do DO NOT STOP. We tried to find the tourist office but gave up in the end. It was a 3 hour drive to the Luangwe River. The campsite is a beauty and we were welcomed by a Dutch/South African couple and before I knew it we had firewood supplied, fire lit and the donkey for the hot showers going. We really love this continent. As we had set up camp the local villagers came to say hello and instead of asking for food or money they where after pens for the school. Tonight we are missing the Spain vs Portugal match because this area has no TV reception. But it will mean a nice night around the campfire. The security guard made sure the fire was still going this morning. The view over the river was absolutely superb. In Zambia you can purchase fuel on the road in anything from Coke bottles, whiskey bottles to 20lt jerry cans. It is quite funny as you see one person with a sign USD 1.10 the next is USD 1.09 and it goes on. After a few km it comes down to USD 1.01. In Zambia (in fact read Africa) you can purchase anything along the road side from mirrors, to lounges, battery charges, tyre inflaters, fire wood, charcoal, fruit and veg. It is real Africa and the women seem to do all the work? They walk up to 30km a day to do shopping.
The scenery changed a little as we travelled along the Mozambique border. it became more tropical with the odd banana plantation and palm trees appearing. Time to move on again to our next stop Chipata, which is 22km from the Malawi Border. The drive was scenic and we passed through many villages where the kids where asking for pens and note books. As everywhere in Africa the main road has to be shared with kids and locals to and from school and shops. It is quite a challenge trying to avoid potholes, kids, bikes and local busses, some doing 120km per hour. We saw many bicycles today and we are told that many were donated by European charities. 2 days Chipata was enough, time to visit Malawi.
PART 4, VIDEO CLIPS
- Compilation Africa & Middle East
2. Compilation Africa & Middle East