LAO PEOPLE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
PART 1, General information
PART 2, BLOG Pictures and Gallery
PART 3, VIDEO CLIP
PART 1, GENERAL INFORMATION
Capital city: Vientiane
Population: 7 million
Currency: Lao Kip
Km travelled: 1925
Days in Laos :28
Laos is the only landlocked country in South East Asia. After the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao movement came to power, seeing an end to the civil war. Lao people are 55% of the population, Mon-Khmer and Hmong groups around 45% of the population. Laos was a key part of the Vietnam war as parts of Laos where invaded by North Vietnam to secure supply routes for the war against South Vietnam. Between 1964 and 1973, the U.S. dropped two million tons of bombs on Laos, nearly equal to the 2.1 million tons of bombs the U.S. dropped on Europe and Asia during all the second world war, making Laos the most heavily bombed country in the world. This accounted to nearly 1000KG for every person in Laos. More than 80 million bombs failed to explode and remain scattered throughout the country, rendering vast swathes of land impossible to cultivate and killing or maiming 50 Laotians every year still today, due to the particularly heavy impact of cluster bombs during this war. Laos has no railways and the rivers are a very important means of transport in Laos.
They use the slogan “Laos simply beautiful” and it is. The main attractions are Buddhist culture, colonial architecture, ancient temples, hill tribes and amazing scenery. Most interesting villages are well away from the major road (route 13) in Laos and only accessible via dirt roads/tracks.
The town is in the central north of Laos in a mountainous region. Located on a peninsula formed by the Mekong and Nam Khan River. The city is a mixture of traditional architecture and structures built in colonial times by the Europeans. Its unique, remarkable and well preserved.
Compared to the hectic, bustling capitals in other South East Asia Capitals, Vientiane’s relaxing atmosphere makes it feel like a village atmosphere. Wander down to the riverside, relax with a cold Lao – the national beer – and watch the sun set over the Mekong. Vientiane is the largest city in Laos, with an estimated population of 210,000 in the city itself and some 700,000 in the area surrounding Vientiane. Besides the many temples and the Patuxai, a look a like Arc de Triomphe with a nice view of Vientiane from the top, another must visit is the COPE (Cooperative Orthotic and Prosthetic Enterprise) Visitor centre. This is a local not for profit organisation that provides orthotic, prosthetic, rehabilitation and advocacy services for survivors of UXO accidents and other people with disabilities in Laos. During the Vietnam War (1964-1973), conflict spilled over into Laos in a secret war where more than 500,000 bombing missions dropped over two million tons of ordnance on Laos.
A small town full of backpackers, but surrounded by stunning scenery. The nightlife is rowdy and loud. And during the night you may forget you are in Laos. This town is known for its tubing on the Nam Song River. Safety and alcohol/drug related incidents were common in town hence after you have visited and enjoyed the town during the day it is time to move if are you not into the party scene. Use the town as a base to explore the incredible surrounding areas.
After 30 days of strict rules and a 24/7 guide (read spy) we arrived from China into Laos and the first stop was Luang Namtha. The town is surrounded by Sugar Cane and Rubber plantations. There are 20 temples in the area of Muang Sing and 2 of the better known are the Wat Sing Jai and Wat Namkeo. Another must do is a visit to the Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area and its dense rainforest. Great place to relax after 30 days China, with lovely people and great scenery
Pretty rough road from Luang Namtha to the far north East of Laos. Close to the Chinese/Vietnam border. Hence a real Chinese culture in this area. Phôngsali is the primary trade gateway between Laos and China, exporting lumber and importing several types of finished goods. The scenery enroute is amazing and so are a few of the temples. In particular the 500-year-old Wat Ou Tai Temple in the village of Ban Ou Tai and the Luang Ou Neua Temple in Ban Ou Neua Village
The city has many French colonial style official buildings, villas and shops. the old parts of Thakhek near to the Mekong provide good views of Thailand in the distance. The markets are worthwhile visiting with unusual meats such as snake, squirrel, frog and bat. A must do visit is Phou Hin Bun National Park and the Konglor Cave the highlight of this area. There’s a 7 km cave through which a navigable river passes. One section is undertaken on foot and is lit up while the rest is viewed with miners’ lamps. The far end emerges into a beautiful lush valley. Also, a spectacular drive is the approx. 240km loop. Roads/tracks are rough, but scenery is spectacular. The tracks have deep potholes filled with mud, especially after the local heavy rains. Other great spots in the area and on the loop are The Budda Cave with around 230 bronze buddha’s, 15 km out of town. The Falang, is a great river swimming spot (not that easy to find); it is around 15km along route 12 where you turn off on a sandy track just past the bridge.
Laos continues to suffer from the remnants of war, with mines still a big risk in some areas.
The Bolaven Plateau greatly suffered during the Vietnam War. The Bolaven Plateau was one of “the most heavily-bombed theatres of the second Indochina War”. US bombardment became unbearable in the late ’60s. A staggering amount of UXO (unexploded ordnance) is still lying around. Since there is a great deal of UXO lying around the Plateau, it is often dangerous to veer off unmarked paths. The Ho Chi Min Trial does not pass through the plateau but just off the east of the plateau. The Plateau is located between the Annamite Mountain Range, along which runs Laos’ eastern border with Vietnam, and the Mekong River to the west. Just 60km north east of Pakse is the Tad Lo Waterfall with beautiful lush vegetation a major destination for the locals. Another spectacular waterfall, Taat Fang (also known as Dong Hua Sao), tumbles 120 metres, making it the tallest waterfall in Laos. Other must do’s are visiting the local villages of ethnic minorities. There are many local markets sprinkled around the Bolaven Plateau, places where locals go to buy and sell an assortment of products, from fresh produce to handicrafts and clothing. The temple of Wat Phu (also spelt as Vat Phu), founded by the Khmer Empire, is an indication of the widespread influence in the region by the Khmer in the past. This temple, situated on the border between Laos and Cambodia, is today a listed UNESCO World Heritage Site. Pre-dating the famous Angkor Wat, the temple offers a fascinating window into the past.
SI PHAN DON
Situated on the Mekong river around 150 km south of Pakse, known as the four thousand islands, a group of islands in the Mekong river in the South of Laos. This area has 2 highlights; The Khone Phapheng falls and the Irrawaddy dolphin. However its rural character and the slow pace of life where local people live in small wooden houses on stilts and where cows, goats, pigs and other animals roam around free makes this a perfect place for some R&R. During the monsoon season the Mekong river can be up to 10km wide, however in the dry season hundreds of small and larger islands appear. The larger islands such as Don Khon and Don Det have a permanent population; so has the island Don Khong just north of the border with Cambodia. South of this island you find the famous Irrawaddy dolphins.
Also called Vat Phou. The ruined Khmer Hindu temple is at the base of Mount Phou Khao. As early as the 5th century a temple was located here, but the surviving structures date from the 11th to 13th centuries. The temple was part of the Khmer Empire centred in Angkor (Cambodia’s Angkor Wat). Vat Phou became a world Heritage Site in 2001
ATTAPEU & THE HO CHI MINH TRIAL
Driving to Attapeu you are passing bomb craters and still today lots of unexploded ordnance, along the roadside. Women squat by the road with their intricately woven baskets, selling bamboo shoots. Once you arrive in Ban Dong you see leftovers (American made tanks) from Americas biggest defeats during the war. (Battle of Lam Son) It took till 1998 before the town was cleared of unexploded war debris. Attapeu is the southernmost province in Laos and shares a border with Sekong in the North, Champasack in the West, Vietnam in the East and Cambodia in the South. Attapeu is where one can find many minority people. The capital town, Samakkhixay, is built in a large picturesque valley surrounded by mountains and the loop upstream. Attapeu Province is rugged, wild and very scenic. From here it is easy to explore parts of the Ho Chi Minh Trail
This was a logistical system which run from North Vietnam to South Vietnam via Laos and Cambodia. The Trail system was one of the great achievements of military engineering of the 20th century. The trail was able to effectively supply troops fighting in the south, a military feat unparalleled given it was the site of the single most intense bombing campaign in history, with bombs dropping on average every seven minutes. The network of trails and volume of traffic expanded significantly beginning in the 1960s, but it still took more than one month’s march to travel from North to South Vietnam using it. The infamous Ho Chi Minh Trail is a complex network of dirt paths and gravel roads running parallel to the Laos–Vietnam border from Khammuan Province in the north to Cambodia in the south. Traffic on the trail was little affected by repeated American bombing raids. Efforts were gradually made to improve the trail, which by the late 1960s could accommodate heavy trucks in some sections and was supplying the needs of several hundred thousand regular North Vietnamese troops active in South Vietnam. By 1974, the trail was a well-marked series of jungle roads (some of them paved) and underground support facilities such as hospitals, fuel-storage tanks, and weapons and supply caches. The Ho Chi MinhTrail was the major supply route for the North Vietnamese forces that successfully invaded and overran South Vietnam in 1975.
Laos has a mostly tropical climate, with tropical monsoon and humidity. The mountains provide some variations in temperature. During the rainy season (May to October), the winds of the southwest monsoon deposit an average rainfall of 1,300 to 2,300 mm. Exception is the Bolaven Plateau with around 4200mm per year. Coolest months are December to February.
Summer temp: 23 at night to 35 degrees during the day
Winter temp: from 11 degrees at Night to 25 degrees during the day
Rainfall: Rainy season June to September
All year round between 18 degrees at night to 35 degrees during the day
Rainy season: June to September
All year round between 20 at night and 35 degrees during the day.
Rainy Season: between May and September
All year round between 12 at night and 35 degrees during the day
Rainy season: between June and September (up to 1000 mm per month)
Part 2, BLOG Pictures and Gallery
It took five months of paperwork before we had all the approvals and two days to get into China, but it only took one hour to get out of China and after 300 meters we came across a sign that said “Sabaidee to Laos”, followed in English by “Welcome to Laos”. We organized a visa, paid our insurance, got the carnet signed and off we went back into the free world once again. No more guide, no more permits, full Internet and Facebook again. Only 53km to our first stop in Laos, Luang Nam Tha and a guest house where we could camp inside the compound, use electricity to recharge the truck batteries and use a small shower, which was a real treat after 4 weeks bush camping. This guest house (Zuela) was right in the middle of town and opposite the Night Markets. After 4 weeks of bush camping, living with an extra guest (our minder) and having no fridge in the front, we needed a few days R & R and we had to reorganize a few things. We wanted to hire motorbikes to explore the remote villages in the area and take a boat up the river. Coming further south, the weather has also started to get a lot warmer and much more humid. We got rid of our Chinese Yuan and we now deal in Kip (8000 equals 1 AUD or E 0.75) so we became instant millionaires when we went to the ATM and received 1 million Kip for 125 AUD or 100 Euro. The first night we went out for dinner and spent the huge amount of 50,000 kip or $7.00 or E 5.00 on dinner for 2 and soft drink and 2 beers! During the next week we explored the National Protected Area (NPA) and the many remote villages in the mountain areas. We crossed rivers, drove through rubber plantations and camped near the Mekong River.
The population of this area is also supposed to have the most minority ethnic groups of people in Laos. These include the Lahu people who originated in Southern China and who now live across Myanmar-Thailand and Northern Laos; and the Akha tribe which is a mix of Tibetan and Burmese speaking ethnic group. The Akha settlements are marked by their towering swings and gates. These gates mark the boundary between the human world and the outside, called “the natural world”. As visitors we are not allowed to touch the gates. The Len Tan tribe mainly from southern China live along the rivers and streams. Then there is the Khmu tribe, one of the larger ethnic groups in Northern Laos. Plus, the Hmong tribe, who mainly have their villages on top of a mountain. They are known for their knowledge of the forest. The Yao tribe, originally from China, bringing cultural practices and beliefs based on Taoism mixed with animism and ancestor worship. The Tai-Lue tribe live in beautiful stilted houses with long sloping roofs. The people practice Theravada Buddhism and every village has a Buddhist temple and monks. And then there is the Lolo tribe, the smallest minority in the Muang Sing district. We visited the That Phoum Pouk Stupa, which was built in 1628 but destroyed in 1966 by American bombers and the new Stupa was rebuilt in 2003 next to the ancient ruins. We were never aware of the secret war conducted by the Americans in Laos between 1966 and 1973. Laos was declared a neutral country in 1954, however this did not stop the Americans, and specifically the CIA, conducting activities in Laos. To quote a local, “Every nine minutes devastating carpet bombing with devastating effect was carried out. In total, over 500,000 bombing runs and over 2 million tons of ordnance were dropped; equivalent to 500 kg for every person living in Laos.” Today the legacy of this bombing is still there for everyone to see, with over 78 million unexploded bombs littering the country.
We are told the British Mines Advisory Group (MAG) is doing the clearance but to date they have only scratched the surface. Every year, cluster bombs still come to the surface in many areas presenting a real life-threatening environment for the local communities as they go about their daily lives. Once we left Luang Nam Tha, we drove through the highlands with picturesque valleys, pristine waterfalls and stunning views.
The road however was a real problem and the landslides and slippery red clay, and mud made driving a challenge. We arrived in Nong Kiao, a small rustic town surrounded by thick rainforest and high mountains. This village and the surrounding area has some of the best scenery in Laos with vertical limestone cliffs and offers spectacular panoramic views. The road in was carved out of the mountains passing many villages, but again landslides made the going slow. In fact, the road to the caves was completely blocked. From here there are no roads crossing the mountains hence we had no choice but to hire a boat and follow the river north. The Nam Ou River is the only way villages north of here can be reached. Finding a campsite on the river was impossible as the muddy bank and very narrow tracks did not look very safe. Hence, we opted for a local house where the owners allowed us to stay in their backyard. Next morning, we took the local boat to Muang Ngoi Neua and followed the river north. This area is not even accessible by motorbike. We returned early in the evening, had dinner and made it an early night.
On a few occasions we woke up to rain, something we didn`t really want in this area of poor roads and many landslides. From Nong Kiao, we had to back-track 30 km to Pakmon where we turned south to Luang Prabang, one of the Laos tourist hot spots. It is a UNESCO world heritage city.
Here we parked right on the Mekong river and attracted a lot of visitors; both local and international backpackers. But unfortunately, we were sent away from here by local police and we had to find a spot out of town. We decided to use the GPS coordinates given to us by Kym Bolton who camped at a guest house in town. We received a friendly welcome and we could stay in the car park for $3 AUD or E 2.50 including the use of a shower and toilet.
The city is famous for its monasteries, sounds of temple bells and drums, huge caves and the former royal palace of the kingdom of a million elephants and the sleepy Mekong River. Since leaving Mongolia, it was also the first town we encountered that was full of tourists and the usual NGO do- gooders. The motor-bike hire (in Laos this is a scooter) was something we really enjoyed so we decided to hire one for 2 days to explore the area. Up north, we only paid $10 AUD, but here, with all the Tourists and NGOs, prices are double i.e. $20 AUD per day. So was the food and so were the boat trips. Nevertheless, we still had a substantial meal for below $15 AUD for 2 including drinks and desert and a lunch for 0.75 cents. So, we are not complaining but we rather prefer the areas away from the tourist trail where you can enjoy the real Laos; and with driving our own truck, this is what we are able to do. In the three weeks in Laos and so far, we think Laos is the highlight of all the South-East countries we have visited in the past 40 years. The Northern part that we visited last week has been saved from the mass tourist trail. This relatively undeveloped nation is located between rugged mountains and the fertile low lands of the Mekong, and is touched by both European and Asian cultures. Vang Vieng the most “un-Laosish” place you could ever imagine. Eradicated are the quaint, street lanes and gold temples of Luang Prabang, to make way for “buy one get one free” bucket, bars, massage parlours and restaurants, all claiming to sell “The Biggest All-Day English Breakfast in Asia”. Having said this, it is the Backpacker hotspot of Laos. The Backpacker market has proven to be recession proof. Despite all this, Vang Vien is in a very nice area. We camped in a car park of a newly opened Hotel. For us one night in Vang Vien was enough and we left the next morning to visit Vientiane, 150 km south, the capital city of Laos.
We were told that in the 70s Vientiane brothels were cleaner than hotels, marijuana was cheaper than tobacco and opium easier to find than a cold beer. No More. Brothels are now illegal; no more weed on the market, but I can confirm there is plenty of cold Lao beer. We were surprised to see so many hippies or would-be hippies and we also noticed a lot of girls with older men. This sleepy capital is changing rapidly with all the foreign aid workers and NGOs. Most of them seem to be money hungry and living the good life. Vientiane is a town where temples and religious affiliations still blend with the rural foundations of the city. But the many bars and massage parlours give us a strange feeling that another Bangkok is in the making. Aussie Bars, Belgium beer cafes and German steak houses are popping up. Even an Australian Club with swimming pool. Our camp spot for the night was in the middle of the old town on the waterfront in a car park overlooking the Mekong River. It was very convenient and close to the key places in the city. Internet just across the road. We do not really like cities so after we serviced our truck we left and made our way to central Laos and the Laos/ Vietnamese border town of Lak Sao. But before leaving Vientiane we visited an enterprise called COPE which is short for Cooperative Orthotic & Prosthetic Enterprise. This is a must for every visitor to Laos and see what a war can do to a country, even 38 years on. We can’t believe President Nixon’s claim that there were no US troops in Laos. After we left Vientiane, our first stop was the Tham Konglor Cave in Ban Na Hin. Here we hired a 12ft wooden long boat with driver and guide. The 7km long cave has a shallow river flowing through it and it is pitch black. At first, we couldn’t see a thing. Approximately half way in we got out of the boat and walked past beautiful stalagmites, and the best thing of all was we were the only people around, apart from our boat driver and guide. The cave is massive, cathedral like in some sections, with huge caverns up to 100 meters high and 100 meters wide. When we arrived at the other side, we visited the local village before returning the same way as we came.
SOUTH & SOUTH-EAST LAOS
From here we wanted to follow the Ho Chi Min Trail turning off from road 1E to Route 12 towards the border with Vietnam. We tried to follow the trail, but with heavy rain and bad roads we had no choice but to turn around. Laos is embracing tourism but away from the tourist areas the infrastructure is very poor to none existent.
Every afternoon we enjoyed a huge storm, but mornings and late afternoons were perfect as we drove through pretty villages, passing row upon row of wooden houses built on stilts, each village has many young children playing on the road side and all seem so full of life, waving and smiling as we pass. We are driving up the winding roads through beautiful green mountainous terrain; we pass the tiniest of villages consisting of a few wooden huts clustered together along the dusty road. We found nice bush camps on the way and near Hue we had our own little waterfall allowing us to have a real long powerful shower. We tried the shortcut to Sepone, but half way the navigator had her say. “Robert, turn around. we are not going to drive over this bridge!” Clary also reminded me of what we had been told about the many unexploded cluster bombs lying around in this area. After a very long day and more detours we decided that it was not a good decision to continue as we were travelling on our own and having been already bogged three times, it was time to turn around and head back to Mahaxa. Route 9 was only 50km away, but we had to turn around again. It is at times like this that you like to drive with a few other cars. Unfortunately, we drove solo in a 7500kg truck on roads and bridges only designed to carry 2500kg. It would also be easier to drive a land cruiser with lockers and mates to back you up when you need it. It was very late before we arrived in Thakhek. After speaking to some locals, we heard of a pretty good track to Saravane (catching up around 50km south of where we turned around yesterday) and turning off route 13 at Bounxe. Unfortunately, we only covered 185km in one day and we ended up in Sepone. Again, and again we were warned not to walk outside maintained tracks and roads and not to venture into the bush away from the marked tracks, due to the many unexploded bombs still in the area. Every day in Laos someone is killed by an unexploded bomb. We tried to follow the direction of the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The Ho Chi Min Trail was a transport logistic system during the Vietnam War. It ran North to South mainly through Laos and Cambodia. It was not a single route but rather a complex maze of routes and paths. Today most are overgrown as they are in deep forest, but some main tracks are still drivable and accessible from Route 9 going North or South. We were warned not to venture into the craters left behind by air bombing as many unexploded bombs remain in the area. More than 2 million tons of ordnance was dropped on Laos during the period 1964 and 1973. This included 270 million sub munitions from cluster bombs. This amount gives Laos the unwanted distinction of being the most heavily bombed and cluster munitions effected nation on Earth. More than 30% of the cluster bombs did not explode and remain lethal today. Also, extensive ground battles left artillery and mortar shells, mines, rockets and other items of unexploded ordnance (UXO) littering the country. This limits agricultural production and expansion and the villagers` ability to achieve sustainable livelihoods. Many of the poor and vulnerable groups in remote rural communities face the dilemma of risking life and limb when tampering with unexploded ordnance. From Sepong, the route takes us through what I can only describe as a land lost in time, people in the villages living in the most basic of small wooden huts, women carrying heavy baskets on their back and groups of children playing out near the roadside. We didn`t spot any shops or schools here either. As we progress, the roads deteriorate, becoming corrugated with many potholes, thus reducing our speed considerably. Nevertheless, we let the tyres down slightly and pushed on. A mere nine arduous hours of driving on winding roads through the mountains left us completely fatigued, and on more than one occasion we found ourselves lost. This area was heavenly bombed during the Vietnam war even though Laos had been declared a neutral nation. However, we are told that this did not stop the Americans, and specifically the CIA conducting activities in the region. The locals tell us that the US carried out a devastating carpet bombing campaign where a plane load of bombs was dropped every nine minutes. In total, over half a million bombing runs and over two million tons of ordnance were dropped. Today the legacy of this bombing is still in existence; over 78 million unexploded bombs litter the country.
While the British Mines Advisory Group (MAG) is doing a great job carrying out clearance, to date they have barely scratched the surface. With each year that goes by, cluster bombs are still coming to the surface in many areas, presenting a life-threatening situation for the locals. It was another long and exhausting day before we arrived in Salavan. The town was disappointing, so we decided to push on to Tad Lo swimming hole. Unfortunately, we missed the UXO offices and display which were much better than the one we visited in Sekong. After 3 days of mud, sweat and rain and no showers, we needed a soak and how nice it was to dive into the water just before it got dark. That night we had dinner for 5.40 AUD including 2 x 750ml bottles of Lao beer. Next was the Bolaven plateau, an area filled with waterfalls and coffee plantations.
After having dropped to 180 meters above sea level, it was now back to climbing up to 1300 meters to a nice area with lots of waterfalls and a cooler climate. Pakse became an overnight stop and we found a place to camp in the hospital car park right in the middle of town. Next morning, we visited Vat Phu, a religious complex of Khmer architecture and Hindu religion. It was hot and unfortunately not many of the buildings were still standing.
That same afternoon we continued further south and camped the night in the small fishing village of Nakusan. Si Phan Don, also known as the 4000 islands, is an archipelago of sandbars situated at the southern tip of Laos, surrounded by the expanse of the Mekong river and famed for the near extinct Irrawaddy dolphins. It also boasts the largest waterfall in SE Asia by volume, the Khone Phapheng waterfall. Due to the Mekong being in full flood at the time of our visit and nearly 14 km wide, we were told that spotting the Irrawaddy Dolphin would be very difficult.
The same for the Somphamit (Liphi) waterfall. Put off by the many disappointing reports about Khong Island and Don Ket, we decided not to take the ferry across. Instead, we enjoyed a lazy afternoon in Nakasan reading, walking the village and tried to find an internet cafe but with no luck. After Northern and Eastern Laos, we were a little disappointed in the southern part of Laos, so we pushed on and once we arrived in Kratie (Cambodia) we would probably have a better chance seeing the Irrawaddy Dolphins.
PART 3, VIDEO
- Compilation Europe to Cambodia
2. Compilation Europe to Cambodia