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Andorra is a very small principality wedged between France and Spain high in the Pyrenees Mountains. Andorra La Vella is the highest capital city in Europe at 1035 meters. The Principality of Andorra is situated on the southern slopes of the Pyrenees, the principality measures a mere 25km north to south and 30km east to west. Official language is Catalan but French and Spanish is widely spoken. Despite a population of just over 75000 it receives over 11 million visitors annually. The Euro is official currency, but Andorra is not a member of the European Union. Andorra’s independence can be traced back to Charlemagne, who captured the region from the Muslims in 803 AD. In March 1993, Andorrans voted to establish the country as an independent, democratic “parliamentary co-principality,” placing full sovereignty in the hands of the Andorran people. The French and Spanish co-princes continue to act as joint heads of state with greatly reduced powers. Andorra’s role is a mecca for duty-free shopping electronic goods, cameras and alcohol, all with retail at prices 30% lower than those in France or Spain.
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