Tanzania Highlights


Video Clip

General Information

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General Information

Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. The country does not have an official language, although the national language is Swahili and is used in parliament, in the lower courts, and as a medium of instruction in primary schools. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, and in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education. The Tanzanian economy is overwhelmingly agrarian. The major food crops are corn (maize), rice, sorghum, millet, bananas, cassava (manioc), sweet potatoes, barley, potatoes, and wheat. Corn and rice are the preferred cereals, whereas cassava and sweet potatoes are used as famine-prevention crops because of their drought-resistant qualities. In some area’s food crops are sold as cash crops. Export cash crops are a source of foreign exchange for the country. Coffee and cotton are by far the most important in this respect, but other exports include cashew nuts, tea, and tobacco. Diamonds, gold, kaolin, gypsum, tin, and various gemstones, including tanzanite, are mined in Tanzania. Gold is an important resource and the country’s most valuable export.


Joined with Tanzania. Population 713,000. Just 35 km of the coast from Dar Es Salaam. Before the development of eastern African mainland ports, Zanzibar was the trade focus of the region and enjoyed an important role in trade. The island’s economy now depends on agriculture and fishing. Considerable areas of fertile soil and a favourable climate enable the production of a variety of tropical crops, most importantly cloves and coconuts. Local food crops, such as rice, cassava, yams, and tropical fruit, are also important. Fish is an important part of the diet, and local fisheries employ nearly 70000 people on the island. The island is just 80 km long and 35 km wide.


Tanzania is exotic, expensive (for tourists) and accessible. The country has more land dedicated to parks and reserves than any other wildlife destination. The most famous parks include Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s tallest peak, and Serengeti National Park. The Serengeti is known for the annual wildebeest migration and the predators that follow it. The Ngorongoro Crater is famous for its collapsed volcanic caldera, alkaline soda lakes, forests, plains and spectacular highlands backdrop. But for the overlander used to the much lower prices in Southern Africa and cheap food, Tanzania is very very very expensive.


Unspoiled sandy beaches, warm waters and coral reefs teeming with brilliant marine life.


Like the Swahili Coast and the East side of the island. Unspoiled sandy beaches, warm waters and coral reefs teem with brilliant marine life. Zanzibar archipelago was a centre of trade and a cultural crossroads for many centuries. The Stone Town of Zanzibar, the islands’ main settlement, has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, who describes it as “an outstanding material manifestation of cultural fusion and harmonization” between African, Arabic, Indian and European cultures.