Lesotho Highlights


  1. Video Clip
  2. General Information

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General Information

Lesotho is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa. It is one of only three independent countries surrounded by the territory of another country. Lesotho was previously the British Crown Colony of Basuto land, but it declared independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966. It is now also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The name Lesotho roughly translates to “the land of the people who speak Sesotho”. The economy of Lesotho is based on agriculture, livestock, manufacturing and mining. Lesotho became the largest exporter of garments to the US from sub-Saharan Africa. US brands and retailers sourcing from Lesotho include: Foot Locker, Gap, Gloria Vanderbilt, JCPenney, Levi Strauss, Saks, Sears, Timberland and Wal-Mart. In 2008 it exported goods worth 487 million dollars, mainly to the US. Now (2010) employment in the sector is coming down mainly due to international competition in the garment sector, however it still the largest formal sector employer in Lesotho. The average gross national income per capita in 2010 was US$98 per month. Diamonds are produced at the Letšeng, Mothae, Liqhobong, and Kao mines, which combined are estimated to produce 240,000 carats of diamonds in 2014, worth US$300 million. The Letšeng mine is estimated to produce diamonds with an average value of US$2172/carat, making it the world’s richest mine on an average price per carat basis. Export of diamonds reached US$230 million in 2010. Despite this Lesotho remains a poor country.

With all its land lying at altitudes in excess of 1300m above sea-level, it is a country of heights and extremes. Lesotho is famous for its spectacular scenic beauty branded by breathtaking mountain ranges, towering peaks, a rich variety of flora and fauna, crystal clear streams, surging waterfalls, diverse culture. A great place for overlanders who like 4×4 Off Roading and are in search for challenges and adventure.