Mongolia Highlights




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General Information

Mongolia, with a land area of about 1.6 million sq. km. and a population of about 3.1 million is sparsely populated. The country ranges from desert to semi-desert to grassy steppe, with mountains in the west and south-west. Landlocked between Russia and China, the country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the South. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the country’s population and is also one of the coldest capital cities in the world. Approximately 35% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture is still integral. Most of its population are Buddhist. The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest land empire in history. Throughout history, raising livestock by nomadic herders has been the major economic activity. In the early 20th century industrialization began, spurred by the Soviet Union and largely based on wool processing and extraction of minerals, mainly coal, copper, gold and fluorspar.

Mongolia is a must do travel destination. It is a land where you can experience wide-open spaces, cobalt blue skies, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomads. Permanent dwellings are few and far between, fences even fewer and the land is owned by the people, like one large National Park. As a tremendous destination to experience the outdoors, Mongolia also boasts unique history dating back to the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Simply put, it is a land of off-Road adventure, horses, nomads, and blue sky.